The wood is hard maple that is turned and hollowed. The exterior is sealed with 2 coats of de-waxed shellac. Java Gel Stain is dabbed onto the surface with a piece of cotton cloth. The pattern is cut into the wood using an ornamental lathe (which I built myself). The biggest challenge was making a custom chuck to hold the vase at various angles when cutting the butterfly patterns at the various locations on the surface. The final finish is sprayed on (Deft Semi-Gloss Clear Wood Finish). Size is 2.25” tall x 3” diameter.